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Hard Drive (aka hard disk)
A device containing several magnetically coated platters used to store electronic information. This is your Mac's long-term memory where files, programs, and the operating system itself are stored.

highlight
To select an object or item, usually by clicking once on it with the mouse. The highlighted item is then visually distinguished — by being colored differently.

Icon
Little picture that represents something on your computer monitor — a file, application, folder, disk, tool, etc. This is one of the major components of the GUI. Single clicking on a Finder icon selects it, double clicking on it opens the file, folder, or program that the icon represents. Clicking on a tool icon in a program changes your cursor to that tool, allowing you to perform a specific function.

Init
see Extension

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Keyboard equivalent
Combination of keys that, when pressed, causes a command to be executed as though it were selected from a menu or dialog box.

MacOS
the Macintosh Operating System, the software that turns a pile of integrated circuits into a really cool computer. The software that manages the interaction of the computer hardware with other computer software, hardware, peripherals, and you, the user.

Open Apple key
keyAnother name for the Command key, for its outline of the Mac logo.

Option key
A special Mac key that provides access to alternate keyboard combinations, usually to produce special characters or execute software menu commands. Abbreviated in menus by the symbol . (A PC has an ALT key instead.)

Pixel
Images on your computer monitor are actually made up of many tiny dots (similar to a color picture in a magazine). Each small dot is a pixel. Mac monitors display at 72 pixels per inch (ppi), not to be confused with printer resolutions which are dots per inch (dpi).

Point size
Standard method for measuring the size of characters in a font. For hardcores: equal to 1/12 pica, or roughly 1/72 inch and the screen pixel of a Mac monitor is 1 point square.

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RAM
Random Access Memory, temporary memory where the Mac stores stuff that it is working on right now - a lot of the operating system is loaded in here and every program that is being run needs some too. The more RAM, the faster the computer runs and the more programs it can have running at the same time.

Resize box (aka Size box)
boxLittle box in the lower right of an active window. Press and hold down he mouse button on this box and drag to change the size of the window — click on the grow box to return to previous size.

Scroll
To move through a window or listing so that new sections of the file or list become visible on your monitor. Controlled by a scroll bar through a scroll box and up and down scroll arrows.

Scroll arrows
See scroll bar

Scroll barscrollbar
Horizontal or vertical grey bar used to control the scrolling of a window or listing. A scroll box shows the relative position of the current visible window within the entire file or list — click in the grey scroll bar either side of this scroll box and the window will jump an entire screenful. Click (or hold mouse button down) on the up and down scroll arrows at the ends of the bar to move the window in increments.

Scroll box
See Scroll bar

Select
To choose an icon, tool, or some amount of text, usually to designate what will be affected by the next command chosen — selected items become highlighted.

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Title bar
title bar
The top of a window, usually containing the file's name or window's title, and a zoom box and close box. When the window is selected, or active, the title bar contains a series of grey horizontal lines.

Toolbar
A series of icons at the top of a file window, available in some programs, providing shortcuts to menu commands.

Trash can
trashFinder Icon that looks like a garbage can and is used to hold files that are about to be deleted. Files remain in the trash can until you choose Special>Empty Trash command. Also, you should eject floppy disks by dragging the icon to the trash — yes, its scary and counter-intuitive (As our son asked, "Daddy is my Tonka game garbage?") — but you will get used to it. This method removes the floppy disk icon from the desktop whereas Special>Eject Disk does not which will cause you trouble.

Window
Defined area on the screen that displays information from a file or application. Generally, windows can be opened, closed, repositioned, scrolled, and resized. The window is the core metaphor for the manner in which the Mac displays information that it presents to the user (later stolen by another computer software company that will remain nameless).

Zip drive/Zip disk
An external storage device produced by Iomega Corp. A Zip disk is a super floppy that holds 100 megabytes of data (that's about 70 floppy disks) and reads and writes about 10 times faster. Get one!

Zoom box (aka Grow box)
Small grey box located on the far right side of the title bar of an active window — changes the size of the window when clicked, toggling between smaller and bigger window sizes.

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